Archaeology

A list of archaeology excavations 2000 -2008

English Heritage commissioned The Archaeological Investigations Project to undertake a detailed study of the nature and extent of archaeological fieldwork carried out in England annually. These were the local items covered in that project.

2000

EYE ROAD, PETERBOROUGH
Eye Road, Peterborough. archaeological evaluation. Desk-top study and trial excavation
Meadows, I & Stevens, C Northampton : Northamptonshire Archaeology, 2000,
Work undertaken by: Northamptonshire Archaeology
A desk-based archaeological study and related trial excavation/metal detecting survey ahead of the
redevelopment of the site revealed limited remains in two of the fifteen proposed trenches. A large
feature, at first though to be part of the Car Dyke, was found to be a large pit containing several
fragments of glass and pottery, including a couple of large fragments of glazed red earthen-ware postmedieval pottery. The small pit that was found in trench 12 contained no finds.
Archaeological periods represented: PM, UD

FORMER ST PETER’S ADULT TRAINING CENTRE, LINDISFARNE ROAD, EYE,
PETERBOROUGH

Former St Peter’s Adult Training Centre, Lindisfarne Road, Eye, Peterborough. Archaeological
evaluation

Saunders, M J Reading : Thames Valley Archaeological Services, 2000, 19pp, figs, tabs, refs

Work undertaken by: Thames Valley Archaeological Services
An archaeological evaluation, consisting of the excavation of 20 trial trenches, was undertaken in
response to a planning condition. A single posthole and four linear features were identified in three of
the evaluation trenches. One linear feature contained two sherds of probable late Iron Age/early
Roman pottery; another contained six pieces of fired clay. However, these linear features were not
thought to have been of archaeological origin and probably reflected relatively modern patterns of
drainage runs. A number of 20th century field drains were also present.
Archaeological periods represented: LIA, RO, MO, UD

CROWLAND ROAD, EYE, PETERBOROUGH
Middle Iron Age Occupation on Land off Crowland Road, Eye, Peterborough: An Archaeological investigation
Hatton, R C Fulbourn : Cambridgeshire County Council Archaeological Field Unit, 2000, 20pp,
figs, tabs, refs
Work undertaken by: Cambridgeshire County Council Archaeological Field Unit
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken in advance of housing development. Within some 250-
sq. m of undisturbed soil, evidence emerged for a roundhouse and associated ditch with a terminus
marking a possible entrance facing NNE. Inside the house there were pits of uncertain function. Most
features produced pottery dating to the Middle Iron Age. Evidence had also survived of a boundary
ditch that ran parallel to Crowland Road and may have represented the limit of the built-up area in
post-medieval times. Sequences of levelling and disturbance associated with quarrying in modern times
were observed in the southern portion of the site.
Archaeological periods represented: MIA, MD, PM, MO, UD

TANHOLT FARM, EYEBURY QUARRY, EYE, PETERBOROUGH
An archaeological evaluation at Tanholt Farm, Eyebury Quarry, Eye, Peterborough (report no.
401)

Garrow, D Cambridge : Cambridge Archaeological Unit, 2000, 47pp, figs, tabs, refs
Work undertaken by: Cambridge Archaeological Unit
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken in advance of the proposed extension of the quarry.
Seventeen trenches were excavated, all of which contained archaeological features. Although the site as
a whole was characterised by a distinct paucity of artefacts, most features were dateable either to the
Bronze Age or the Romano-British period; in addition a few post-medieval field boundaries were
recovered. The densest concentration of Bronze Age features – field boundaries, pits and a probable
settlement – lay towards the east of the site, although traces of prehistoric archaeology appeared right
across the investigation area. The Romano-British features were mostly concentrated towards the west,
near the Archaeological Conservation Zone, and included numerous co-axial field ditches and a
metalled trackway.
Archaeological periods represented: LBA, BA, PR, RO, PM, UD

2001

LAND ADJACENT TO 32 HIGH STREET, EYE
An archaeological evaluation of land adjacent to 32 High Street, Eye, Peterborough
Upsom-Smith, T Northampton : Northamptonshire Archaeology, 2001, 8pp, figs, refs
Archaeological Investigations Project 2001 Field Evaluations
Work undertaken by: Northamptonshire Archaeology
An archaeological evaluation was carried out ahead of proposed residential development. Two undated
shallow ditches were located, but no other archaeological features were found.
Archaeological periods represented: PM, UD

LAND AT 24-26 CROWLAND ROAD, EYE GREEN
Land at 24-26 Crowland Road, Eye Green, Peterborough: An archaeological evaluation
Hatton, A Fulbourn : Cambridgeshire County Council Archaeological Field Unit, 2001, 9pp, figs,
refs
Work undertaken by: Cambridgeshire County Council Archaeological Field Unit
An archaeological evaluation, comprising the excavation of four trial trenches, was undertaken in
advance of the construction of dwellings and associated groundworks. Given the site’s location within a
rich archaeological landscape, and the Iron Age remains discovered immediately to the south, special
attention was paid to the identification, interpretation and investigation of deposits and features. During the evaluation probable quarrying and extensive modern disturbance were observed. This had
potentially removed any evidence of early land use.
Archaeological periods represented: PM, UD

2002

82 HIGH STREET, EYE
Land adjacent to 82 High Street, Eye, Peterborough
Upson-Smith, T Northampton : Northamptonshire Archaeology
Work undertaken by: Northamptonshire Archaeology
An archaeological evaluation was carried out on the site. A pond was identified predating the 1899 OS
map. No other features were identified.
Archaeological periods represented: PM

2005

LAND EAST OF TANHOLT FARM
An archaeological evaluation at land east of Tanholt Farm, Eye Quarry, Peterborough
William, S Cambridge : Cambridge Archaeological Unit
Work undertaken by: Cambridge Archaeological Unit
Evaluation trenches were excavated at the site. A late Neolithic pit, Late Bronze Age pits/watering
holes and field systems, two Romano-British field system with associated settlement activity and a
post-medieval droveway were identified.
Archaeological periods represented: LNE, RO, LBA, PM

OXNEY GRANGE, NEAR EYE
Prehistoric remains and medieval burials at Oxney Grange, near Eye, Peterborough
Cooper, S & Lodoen, A Fulbourn : Cambridgshire County Council Archaeology Field Unit, 2006
Work undertaken by: Cambridgshire County Council Archaeology Field Unit
Evaluation trenches were excavated at the site. Post holes and a ditch dating to the Late Bronze
Age/Early Iron Age were identified. Features relating to the medieval monastic site of Oxney Grange
were also encountered, in the form of graves pits and substantial ditches.
Archaeological periods represented: MD, LBA

2006

LAND AT CROWLAND ROAD, EYE
Archaeological evaluation of land at Crowland Road, Eye, Peterborough
Brown, J Northampton : Northamptonshire Archaeology, 2004
Work undertaken by: Northamptonshire Archaeology
Evaluation trenches were excavated on the site, Shallow ditches and gullies associated with agricultural
activity were identified. The evaluation identified that the Saxon cemetery to the north of the site, did
not extend into the development area.
Archaeological periods represented: UD

2008

A1073 SPALDING TO EYE BYPASS, CROWLAND AND WHITEPOST ROAD COMPOUNDS
An archaeological watching brief report. A1073 Spalding to Eye bypass, Crowland
and Whitepost Road compounds

Hamilton, L Saxilby : Pre-Construct Archaeology (Lincoln)
Work undertaken by: Pre-Construct Archaeology (Lincoln)
Despite the proximity of both sites to areas where past human activity had been documented,
commencing in the early prehistoric period, no archaeological remains were encountered
during the watching brief.

References
Archaeological Investigations Project 2000

Key

LPA Lower Palaeolithic
MPA Middle Palaeolithic
UPA Upper Palaeolithic
EME Early Mesolithic
LME Late Mesolithic
ME Mesolithic
ENE Early Neolithic
MNE Middle Neolithic
LNE Late Neolithic
NE Neolithic
EBA Early Bronze Age
MBA Middle Bronze Age
LBA Late Bronze Age
BA Bronze Age
EIA Early Iron Age
MIA Middle Iron Age
LIA Late Iron Age
IA Iron Age
EPR Early Prehistoric (ie Palaeolithic-Mesolithic)
LPR Late Prehistoric (ie Neolithic-Iron Age)
PR Prehistoric
RO Roman (AD43-410)
EM Early Medieval (410-1066)
MD Medieval (1066-1540)
PM Post-medieval (1540-1901)
MO Modern (1901-present)
UD Undated

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